IACUC Policy: Non-affiliated Member of the IACUC
Policy # IBT-114.00 IACUC Approval: February 27, 2014

Purpose: 
The purpose of this document is to define the role of the Institutional Animal Acre and Use Committee (IACUC) non-affiliated member.

Scope:
This policy applies to the non-affiliate member of the Texas A&M Health Science Center IACUC.

Responsibilities:
It is the responsibility of the IACUC to ensure the committee membership is in accordance with Federal guidelines.
It is the responsibility of the Institutional Official (IO) to ensure the committee membership is in accordance with Federal guidelines.

Guidelines
The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Guide), NRC 2011, does offer some guidance on the issue of what should be some of the traits of the nonaffiliated (public) member. The Guide states this person should represent the general community interests in the proper care and use of animals, should not be laboratory-animal users, and not be affiliated with the institution or be members of the immediate family of a person who is affiliated with the institution.

The OLAW/ARENA Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Guidebook (which is an AAALAC International reference resource) expands on this by stating that the nonaffiliated member can bring significant value to the committee by bringing a non-institutional perspective to the research endeavor.

For programs with an NIH Assurance, OLAW provides some additional guidance in their frequently asked questions section of their website (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/faqs.htm#IACUC_1) by stating that "the unaffiliated member should have no discernible ties or ongoing affiliation with the institution, and may not be a member of the immediate family of a person who is affiliated with the institution. Immediate family includes parent, spouse, child and sibling. Appointment of an individual who is unambiguously nonaffiliated is the best way to fulfill the letter and spirit of this provision."

While not specifically prohibited, the Institutional Official should give special consideration to the use of a former employee as a nonaffiliated member to ensure that both the intent and the spirit of the Guide are being met.  

References:
1. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. US Animal Welfare Act (AWA 1990) and Regulations (PL-89-544, as amended, 7USC Ch. 54) 2008. CFR Title 9, Subchapter A - Animal Welfare. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

2. National Research Council. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. 2011. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD.

3. Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/phspol.htm.

5. ARENA/OLAW Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Guidebook, 2nd Ed. 2002.

6. AAALAC Guidance

History:
Version 00 -  Initial approval – February 27, 2014